Skip to content

Recent Articles

22
Dec

2015 World Anti-Doping Code – What will changes to the Code mean for you? (Part three)

This is the last in a series of blogs we are publishing to help explain the main changes to the World Anti-Doping Code (the Code) that comes into force on 1 January 2015.

In our first and second blogs we wrote about:

  • new anti-doping rule violations
  • changes to the length of sanctions
  • flexibility in sanctions
  • changes to substantial assistance
  • rules on banned athletes returning to training
  • the focus on intelligence and investigations
  • change to the statutory limitation period
  • amendment to whereabouts
  • role of education.

 

In our last blog in the series we’ll take a look at:

  • the increased focus on athlete support personnel
  • prohibited association and support personnel
  • support personnel and prohibited substances.

 

Increased focus on athlete support personnel who are involved in doping

Amendments to the 2015 Code have been included to better reach athlete support personnel who are involved in doping.

Doping can involve coaches, trainers, or other athlete support personnel. Additionally, in many cases, those athlete support personnel are outside the jurisdiction of anti-doping authorities. There was widespread support among the stakeholders to revise the Code to better address the problem of the role of athlete support personnel in doping.

The 2015 Code now states that one of the roles and responsibilities of International Federations is to adopt rules which obligate their national federations to require athlete support personnel who participate in their activities to agree to the results management authority of applicable anti-doping organisations.

The revised Code requires International Federations and National Anti-Doping Organisations to conduct an automatic investigation of athlete support personnel in the case of any anti-doping rule violation by a minor or any athlete support personnel who has provided support to more than one athlete found to have committed an anti-doing rule violation.

 

Support personnel and prohibited association

For those athlete support personnel who have been involved in doping activities but are currently outside the jurisdiction of anti-doping authorities, the 2015 amendments add a new anti-doping rule violation entitled Prohibited Association.

This article makes it an anti-doping rule violation for an athlete or other person to associate in a professional or sport-related capacity with athlete support personnel who are currently ineligible, who have been convicted in a criminal, disciplinary, or professional proceeding for conduct that would constitute doping, for the longer of six years from the conviction/decision or the duration of the criminal, disciplinary, or professional sanction imposed;  or someone who is serving as a front for such a person.

 

Support personnel and prohibited substances

Article 21.2.6 in the Code is a new addition to the roles and responsibilities of athlete support personnel. This addition provides that ‘athlete support personnel shall not use or possess any prohibited substance or prohibited method without valid justification’. Violation of this article by an athlete support person is not an anti-doping rule violation, but does give rise to disciplinary action under sport disciplinary rules.

18
Dec

2015 World Anti-Doping Code – What does the revised Code mean for you? (Part two)

This is the second in a series of blogs we are publishing to help explain the main changes to the World Anti-Doping Code (the Code) that comes into force on 1 January 2015.

In our first blog we wrote about:

  • new anti-doping rule violations
  • changes to the length of sanctions
  • flexibility in sanctions
  • changes to substantial assistance
  • rules on banned athletes returning to training.

In this blog we’ll take a look at the:

  • focus on intelligence and investigations
  • change to the statutory limitation period
  • amendment to whereabouts
  • enhanced role of education.

 

Focus on intelligence and investigations

Many high-profile successes in the fight against doping have been based largely on evidence obtained either by Anti-Doping Organisations or the civil authorities through an investigations process.

There was a strong consensus among the stakeholders that the role of investigations in the fight against doping should be highlighted in the Code and that cooperation of governments and all stakeholders in investigations of possible anti-doping rule violations is important.

In accordance with the International Standard for Testing and Investigations, Anti-Doping Organisations shall ensure they are able to:

  • obtain, assess and process anti-doping intelligence from all available sources to inform the development of an effective, intelligent and proportionate test distribution plan, to plan target testing, and/or to form the basis of an investigation into a possible doping violation
  • investigate Atypical Findings and Adverse Passport Findings, in accordance with Articles 7.4 and 7.5 of the 2015 Code
  • investigate any other analytical or non-analytical information or intelligence that indicates a possible doping violation, in accordance with Articles 7.6 and 7.7, in order either to rule out the possible violation or to develop evidence that would support the initiation of a doping violation proceeding.

The roles and responsibilities of International Federations, National Olympic Committees, athletes, and athlete support personnel have been expanded to require cooperation with anti-doping organisations investigating anti-doping rule violations.

The expectations of signatories (including Australia) with respect to governments have been expanded to include governments putting in place legislation, regulation, policies or administrative practices for cooperation in sharing of information with anti-doping organisations.

 

Statutory limitation period

Currently, action on a possible doping violation must be commenced within eight years from the date the violation is asserted to have occurred. From 1 January 2015, authorities will have up to ten years within which to commence action.

This change improves the scope to uncover sophisticated doping programmes and provides greater scope for the retrospective analysis of stored samples as new technologies to identify prohibited substances are developed.

The potential that stored samples will be subject to further analysis should serve as a powerful deterrent if an athlete should for any reason be considering doping.

 

Whereabouts change

The window in which an athlete may accumulate three Whereabouts transgressions (filing failures or missed tests) which trigger an anti-doping rule violation has been reduced from 18 months to 12 months.

 

Education

Education is crucial to the fight against doping. The revised Code puts a strong emphasis on educational programmes to focus on prevention.

International Federations are required to promote anti-doping education and direct National Federations to conduct anti-doping education in coordination with the applicable National Anti-Doping Organisation.

All Code signatories, including Australia, must provide mandatory education to athletes and athlete support personnel about:

  • substances and methods on the Prohibited List
  • anti-doping rule violations
  • consequences of doping, including sanctions, health and social consequences
  • doping control procedures
  • athletes’ and athlete support personnel’s rights and responsibilities
  • Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)
  • managing the risks of nutritional supplements
  • harm of doping to the spirit of sport
  • applicable whereabouts requirements.

 

Athletes’ reference guide to the Code

WADA has published a reference guide to the 2015 Code for athletes. The guide explains athletes’ roles and responsibilities, details of what constitutes an anti-doping rule violation, information on the Prohibited List and supplements, and offers details on matters ranging from the ‘Whereabouts’ rule to Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs), amongst other topics.

In the last of our blogs about the main changes to the Code we’ll look at:

  • the increased focus on athlete support personnel
  • prohibited association and support personnel
  • support personnel and prohibited substances.

Read our third blog on Code changes.

17
Dec

Christmas and New Year shutdown

The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority’s (ASADA) office will be closed over the Christmas and New Year holidays.

ASADA’s office will close on Wednesday, 24 December and will re-open on Friday, 2 January 2015.

ASADA’s testing programme will continue to operate during the closure.

All RTP athletes must provide their Whereabouts this summer. It is important to update any changes to your Whereabouts information over the holiday period.

Some options on the ASADA Hotline (13 000 27232) may not be available during the shutdown period.

Below are some alternative options that might address your needs, as well as Hotline options operating over the shutdown period.

 

Websites
The ASADA or ASDMAC website might be able to answer your immediate questions.

 

Checking a medication
If you need to check an Australian medication or a substance, try the online tool on the ASADA website in the first instance. If you require additional assistance call 13 000 (ASADA) 27232 and select option 1. If unattended please leave a message.

 

Whereabouts
If you have an urgent Whereabouts enquiry or issue, send an email or call 13 000 ASADA (27232) and select option 2. If unattended please leave a message.

 

Stamp Out Doping
If you want to confidentially report suspicious doping activity in sport, ASADA’s Stamp Out Doping online form is available 24-hours a day, seven days a week.

 

Therapeutic Use Exemption
For urgent matters relating to Therapeutic Use Exemptions send an email to ASDMAC or call 13 000 ASADA (27232) and select option 4. If unattended please leave a message.

Non-urgent enquiries will be dealt with when the office re-opens on 5 January 2014.

 

Media
Media services will not be operating during the shutdown period. Media services will resume from Tuesday, 6 January 2015.

 

Anti-doping resources
A range of anti-doping resources including publications and video content is available online.

All services will resume from Friday, 2 January 2015:

 

141214-Xmas-messageWishing everyone a safe and happy festive season.

16
Dec

2015 World Anti-Doping Code – What does the revised Code mean for you? (Part one)

Over the next week we will be publishing a series of blogs about key changes to the revised World Anti-Doping Code (the Code). These changes come into force on 1 January and will directly affect athletes and support people.

In this blog we’ll take a look at the:

  • new anti-doping rule violations
  • changes to the length of sanctions
  • flexibility in sanctions
  • changes to substantial assistance
  • rules on banned athletes returning to training.

Before we begin, it may be useful to quickly explain what the Code is for those unfamiliar with this document. First adopted in 2004, the Code is the document that harmonises regulations regarding anti-doping across all sports and all countries of the world. The Code provides a framework for anti-doping policies, rules, and regulations for sporting organisations and public authorities.

The introduction of the Code has helped address problems that previously arose from disjointed and uncoordinated anti-doping efforts, including, among others:

  • a scarcity and splintering of resources required to conduct research and testing
  • lack of knowledge about specific substances and procedures being used and to what degree
  • an inconsistent approach to sanctions for those athletes found to have cheated through doping.

On 15 November 2013, the WADA Executive Committee and Foundation Board endorsed the third adaptation of the Code at the World Conference on Doping in Sport in Johannesburg.

Let’s have a look at some of the major changes to the Code:

 

Two new anti-doping rule violations

For the 2015 Code, the number of anti-doping rule violations has increased from eight to ten. The two new violations are:

 

Complicity

Assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation, attempted anti-doping rule violation or violation of Article 10.12.1 (prohibition against participation during ineligibility) by another person.

This violation has added a new word from the 2009 Code; ‘conspiring’. This is to capture the role support personnel can play in deliberate doping situations.

 

Prohibited Association

There have been several high-profile examples where athletes have continued to work with coaches who have been banned or with other individuals who have been criminally convicted for providing performance enhancing drugs.

A new feature of the Code taking effect at the start of 2015 makes it an anti-doping rule violation for athletes or other persons to associate with this sort of ‘athlete support person’ once they have been specifically warned not to engage in that association.

Athletes and other persons must not work with coaches, trainers, doctors or others who are ineligible because of an anti-doping rule violation or who have been criminally convicted or professionally disciplined in relation to doping.

Some examples of this type of prohibited association include obtaining training, strategy, nutrition or medical advice, therapy, treatment or prescriptions. Moreover, the ‘athlete support person’ may not serve as an agent or representative.

This provision does not apply in circumstances where the association is not in a professional or sport-related capacity. For example, a parent-child or husband-wife relationship.

 

Doping bans doubled

During the development of the 2015 Code, there was a strong consensus among stakeholders, and in particular athletes, that those who engaged in intentional doping should be ineligible for a period of four years.

For Presence, Use or Possession of a Non-Specified Substance, the ban is four years, unless the athlete can establish that the violation was not intentional.

For Specified Substances, the ban is four years, where the anti-doping organisation can prove that the violation was intentional.

 

Flexibility in sanctioning in specific circumstances

Where the athlete can establish no significant fault for an adverse analytical finding involving a contaminated product, the period of ineligibility may range from at a minimum a reprimand and at a maximum, two years.

For the period of ineligibility involving a Specified Substance to be reduced below two years, the athlete must now establish no significant fault.

 

Changes to Substantial Assistance

The reduction of sanctions for Substantial Assistance has been amended in the 2015 Code to allow WADA to give assurance to an athlete, or other person, willing to provide substantial assistance that:

  • the agreed-upon reduction in the period of ineligibility cannot be challenged on appeal
  • in appropriate circumstances, the disclosure of the substantial assistance may be limited or delayed
  • in exceptional circumstances, WADA may approve a substantial assistance agreement that provides for no period of ineligibility.

 

Banned athletes returning to training

Under the 2015 Code, athletes will be allowed to return to train with his or her team or use the facilities of a club during the last two months or last quarter of their period of ineligibility; whichever is shorter.

 

In the next blog we’ll look at:

  • the focus on intelligence and investigations in the revised Code
  • change to the statutory limitation period
  • amendment to whereabouts
  • the enhanced role of education.

Read our second blog on Code changes.

Read our third blog on Code changes.

12
Dec

ASADA works with sports to update anti-doping policies

In 2015 the anti-doping policies of Australian sports will change to reflect the adoption of the revised World Anti-Doping Code (the Code).

Australian sports are the custodians of the anti-doping rules for their sport and are responsible for adopting and applying policies consistent with the Code. Australian athletes rely on their sport’s anti-doping policy to protect their health, the integrity of the competition and their right to compete against clean athletes.

For a number of months we have been working with more than 110 sports to develop anti-doping policies that are compliant with the revised Code. Our aim is for Australian sports to adopt harmonised anti-doping policies so everyone is subject to the same rules. This will provide the consistency and clarity the sporting community needs to address the anti-doping challenges of the future.

While we are pleased that 52 sports have returned their anti-doping policies for our approval, we want to hear from the other sports and have asked that they get back to us soon with their policy.

ASADA’s efforts to update sports’ anti-doping policies are running in parallel with our legislative framework. The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority Amendment Bill 2014 recently passed through both houses of Parliament following the review by the Senate Standing Committee on Community Affairs. We anticipate that the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority Regulations 2014 will be finalised in December.

We are planning to publish further information on our blog and on our website about the key changes to the Code. In the meantime, we have developed a 2015 Code specific learning update that is currently available at http://elearning.asada.gov.au/

28
Nov

Athlete Advisory: New prohibited stimulant replaces methylhexaneamine in supplement products

ASADA cautions all Australian athletes subject to in-competition testing to be aware of the synthetic compound called 1,3-dimethylbutylamine (or DMBA), often listed on supplement labels as AMP Citrate.

Athletes testing positive to this stimulant in-competition may face a possible anti-doping rule violation.

ASADA understands DMBA use has never been studied in humans and has a structural similarity to the prohibited and potentially dangerous stimulant methylhexaneamine (DMAA). ASADA understands DMBA is being used to replace DMAA in many supplement formulations.

An overseas study (by Pieter A. Cohen, John C. Travis and Bastiaan J. Venhuis) found a range of supplement products containing DMBA, including:

 

ASADA has added DMBA to the check your substances database. DMBA is also known by many other pseudonyms including:

  • AMP Citrate;
  • 1,3-dimethylbutylamine;
  • Butylamine, 1,3-dimethyl-
  • 2-amino-4-methylpentane;
  • 2-Pentanamine;
  • 4-methyl-, 4-methylpentan-2-amine;

 

Supplements continue to be the source of preventable anti-doping rule violations both in Australia and overseas. More than half of the Australian athletes banned from sport in 2013 tested positive to a prohibited stimulant found within a supplement product.

It is important for athletes to understand the risks that these products may present to their health, career and reputation. Further information about supplements and the steps athletes can take to help minimise their risk is available on the ASADA website.

10
Oct

2015 Prohibited List released

2015_prohibited_list_width618

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has published the 2015 Prohibited List (the List), which will come into effect on 1 January 2015.

As an athlete it is important you are aware of the changes to the List to help protect your health, career and the integrity of your sport.

The List is the international standard that identifies which substances and methods are prohibited in-competition, out-of-competition, as well as in some cases, by a specific sport.

The change of most interest to many athletes is to pseudoephedrine, a substance commonly used to treat nasal and sinus congestion. WADA has removed pseudoephedrine from the 2014 Monitoring Program and added it to the 2015 Prohibited List. For athletes this means pseudoephedrine concentrations found in urine above 150 microgram per millilitre are prohibited in–competition in all sports.

Medications that contain pseudoephedrine like Sudafed, Codral, etc. must be ceased 24 hours prior to competition.

Other changes for 2015 seek to provide greater clarity to the List, with the majority of amendments being of a technical nature, including re-categorising and improving the terminology of existing substances and methods.

WADA also has a monitoring program that focuses on substances that are not on the List, but which it wishes to monitor in order to detect patterns of misuse in sport. WADA has added Telmisartan and Mildronate to its monitoring program this year. The full list of substances included in the 2015 Monitoring Program is available on the WADA website.

Further information is available on WADA’s website along with a summary of major modifications and details on the 2015 Monitoring Program.

While changes to the 2015 List are relatively minor, it is important to check with ASADA on the status of the substance and medications you intend to take.

The Check your substances online tool will be updated to reflect the 2015 changes on 19 December 2014.  

For further information about anti-doping in Australia visit the ASADA website or call 13 000 ASADA (27232).

26
Jun

Important Athlete Advisory: prohibited stimulants found in supplements

supplements_width618The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) is advising all Australian athletes subject to in-competition doping control to be cautious of the supplements DS Craze, Mesomorph 2.0 and Viking Before Battle.

Laboratory analysis identified a batch of:

  • DS Craze contained a prohibited stimulant N,alpha-diethyl-benzeneethanamine (analysed late 2012).
  • Mesomorph 2.0 contained the prohibited stimulants Oxilofrine (also known as Methylsynephrine, Hydroxyephrine, and Oxyephrine), Phenpromethamine, and Beta-methylphenethylamine (chemical structure similar to amphetamine) (analysis results received in April 2014).

These prohibited substances ARE NOT ALWAYS listed on the supplement’s ingredient label.

The supplement Viking Before Battle, which is available in Australia, lists the substance Methyl Synepherine on the ingredients label. Despite the difference in spelling this substance is the same as the prohibited stimulant Methylsynephrine.

 

What are these substances?

These substances are classed as S6 stimulants on the Prohibited List and are prohibited in-competition.

Sporting bans involving these substances can range up to two-years.

 

N,alpha-diethyl-benzeneethanamine links to methamphetamine

In addition to being a prohibited substance in sport, the Australian Federal Police (AFP) considers N,alpha-diethyl-benzeneethanamine to be an analogue of the border controlled substance methamphetamine under the Criminal Code (C’wth). The product DS Craze is subject to seizure by the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service and, under existing arrangements between the agencies, will be referred to the AFP for investigation and prosecution action.

 

Oxilofrine could be in other supplements

Oxilofrine has been the subject of a number of reported positive tests worldwide and the substance’s synonym, Methylsynephrine is listed on the label (as Methyl Synepherine) of a supplement available in Australia called Viking Before Battle.

It has also been found in other supplements in Germany and Canada despite not being declared on the ingredient label. In these countries the supplements found to contain Oxilofrine make claims of extreme fat loss or increases in mental performance in their marketing.

 

What you need to do

ASADA cautions athletes who compete under an anti-doping policy to take extreme care with DS Craze,Mesomorph 2.0, Viking Before Battle and other supplements, particularly those claiming benefits such as fat loss or an increase in mental performance.

Read the ingredients label, does it say ‘proprietary blend’? If it does, there is no telling what has been added in the manufacturing process and this is the risk you take.

Athletes using supplements do so at their own risk because they can be contaminated with prohibited substances. Under the World Anti-Doping Code’s principle of strict liability, athletes are responsible for any substance found in their body.

Supplements continue to be the source of preventable anti-doping rule violations both in Australia and overseas, so understand the risks to your health, career and reputation these products present.

Because of supplement manufacturing processes can lead to their contents varying from batch to batch, ASADA cannot give any specific supplement the all clear.

Further information about supplements and the steps you can take to help minimise your risk is available on the ASADA website

2
Jun

Changes to section S.2.1 of 2014 Prohibited List

WADA has confirmed Hypoxia-Inducible Factor (HIF) activators Xenon and Argon will be added to the 2014 List of Prohibited Substances and Methods.

The revised 2014 Prohibited List will take effect on 1 September 2014. Read more

16
Dec

Christmas and New Year shutdown

green_bauble_xmas2_width618

The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) will be closed for business over the Christmas and New Year holidays.

ASADA will close on Tuesday, 24 December and will re-open on Thursday, 2 January 2014.

Read moreRead more